Chapter 15: Visualising Solid Shapes
Identify the nets which can be used to make cubes (cut out copies of the nets and try it):
(i) (ii) (iii)
(iv) (v) (vi)
Cube’s nets are (ii), (iii), (iv) and (vi).
Dice are cubes with dots on each face. Opposite faces of a die always have a total of seven dots on them.
Here are two nets to make dice (cubes); the numbers inserted in each square indicate the number of dots in that box.
Insert suitable numbers in the blanks, remembering that the number on the opposite faces should total to 7.
(i)
(ii)
Can this be a net for a die?
Explain your answer.
In case of a dice, the sum of the numbers on the opposite faces should be 7. As one pair of opposite faces have 1 and 4 on them and another pair of opposite faces have 3 and 6 on them whose total is not equal to 7. Hence, this net cannot be a for a die.
Here is an incomplete net for making a cube. Complete it in at least two different ways. Remember that a cube has six faces. How many are there in the net here? (Give two separate diagrams. If you like, you may use a squared sheet for easy manipulation.)



Three faces are given:
Match the nets with appropriate solids:
(a) (i)
(b) (ii)
(c) (iii)
(d) (iv)
Solid Their nets
(a) (ii)
(b) (iii)
(c) (iv)
(d) (i)
Use isometric dot paper and make an isometric sketch for each one of the given shapes:
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)
Fig. 15.15
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)
The dimensions of a cuboid are $5\text{cm},$ $3\text{cm}$ and $2\text{cm}\text{.}$ Draw three different isometric sketches of this cuboid.
The dimensions of given cuboid are $5\text{cm},$ $3\text{cm}$ and $2\text{cm}$:
Three different isometric sketches of the given cuboid can be drawn as follows:
Three cubes each with $2\text{cm}$ edge are placed side by side to form a cuboid. Sketch an oblique or isometric sketch of this cuboid.
Oblique sketch:
Isometric sketch
Make an oblique sketch for each one of the given isometric shapes:
Oblique sketches:
(a) (b)
Give (i) an oblique sketch and (ii) an isometric sketch for each of the following:
a. A cuboid of dimensions $5\text{cm},$ $3\text{cm}$ and $2\text{cm}\text{.}$ (Is your sketch unique?)
b. A cube with an edge $4\text{cm},$ long.
a. A cuboid of dimension $5\text{cm},$ $3\text{cm}$ and $2\text{cm}\text{.}$
(i) Oblique sketch
(ii) Isometric sketch
b. A cube with an edge $4\text{cm}$ long.
(i) Oblique sketch
(ii) Isometric sketch
An isometric sheet is attached at the end of the book. You could try to make on it some cubes or cuboids of dimensions specified by your friend.
Cubes and cuboids shapes on isometric sheet given below:
You can also draw more shapes of cubes and cuboids.
What crosssections do you get when you give a
(i) vertical cut
(ii) horizontal cut to the following solids?
a. A brick
b. A round apple
c. A die
d. A circular pipe
e. An ice cream cone
S. No. 
Name of Article 
Figure 
Vertical cut 
Horizontal cut 
(a) 
A brick 



(b) 
A round apple 



(c) 
A die 



(d) 
A circular pipe 



(e) 
An ice cream cone 



A bulb is kept burning just right above the following solids. Name the shape of the shadows obtained in each case. Attempt to give a rough sketch of the shadow. (You may try to experiment first and then answer these questions).
A ball A cylindrical pipe A book
(i) (ii) (iii)
S. No. 
Object 
Shadow 
Shape’s name 
(i) 
A ball 

Circle 
(ii) 
A cylindrical pipe 

Line 
(iii) 
A book 

Rectangle 
Here are the shadows of some 3D objects, when seen under the lamp of an overhead projector. Identify the solid(s) that match each shadow. (There may be multiple answers for these!)
A circle A square A triangle A rectangle
(i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
S. No. 
Shadow 
Shape’s Name 
3D objects 
(i) 

Circle 
Football, Disc, Plate etc. 
(ii) 

Square 
Die, cubical magic box, chalk box etc. 
(iii) 

Triangle 
Icecream cone, Birthday cap, etc. 
(iv) 

Rectangle 
Geometry box, Book, Table etc. 
Examine if the following are true statements:
(i) The cube can cast a shadow in the shape of a rectangle.
(ii) The cube can cast a shadow in the shape of a hexagon.
(i) True
(ii) False